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Rosenbaum, T; Jara-Oseguera, A; Ishida, IG; Rangel-Yescas, GE; Espinosa-Jalapa, N; Perez-Guzman, JA; Elias-Vinas, D; Le Lagadec, R; Islas, LD (2011)

UNCOUPLING CHARGE MOVEMENT FROM CHANNEL OPENING IN VOLTAGE-GATED POTASSIUM CHANNELS BY RUTHENIUM COMPLEXES

J BIOL CHEM 286(18):-
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The Kv2.1 channel generates a delayed-rectifier current in neurons and is responsible for modulation of neuronal spike frequency and membrane repolarization in pancreatic beta-cells and cardiomyocytes. As with other tetrameric voltage-activated K+-channels, it has been proposed that each of the four Kv2.1 voltage-sensing domains activates independently upon depolarization, leading to a final concerted transition that causes channel opening. The mechanism by which voltage-sensor activation is coupled to the gating of the pore is still not understood. Here we show that the carbon-monoxide releasing molecule 2 (CORM-2) is an allosteric inhibitor of the Kv2.1 channel and that its inhibitory properties derive from the CORM-2 ability to largely reduce the voltage dependence of the opening transition, uncoupling voltage-sensor activation from the concerted opening transition. We additionally demonstrate that CORM-2 modulates Shaker K+-channels in a similar manner. Our data suggest that the mechanism of inhibition by CORM-2 may be common to voltage-activated channels and that this compound should be a useful tool for understanding the mechanisms of electromechanical coupling.