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Alvarez, Adrian F; Rodriguez, Claudia; Georgellis, Dimitris (2013)

UBIQUINONE AND MENAQUINONE ELECTRON CARRIERS REPRESENT THE YIN AND YANG IN THE REDOX REGULATION OF THE ARCB SENSOR KINASE

J. Bacteriol. 195(13):3054-3061
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The Arc two-component system, comprising the ArcB sensor kinase and the ArcA response regulator, modulates the expression of numerous genes in response to respiratory growth conditions. Under aerobic growth conditions, the ubiquinone electron carriers were proposed to silence the kinase activity of ArcB by oxidizing two cytosol-located redox-active cysteine residues that participate in intermolecular disulfide bond formation. Here, we confirm the role of the ubiquinone electron carriers as the silencing signal of ArcB in vivo, we show that the redox potential of ArcB is about -41 mV, and we demonstrate that the menaquinols are required for proper ArcB activation upon a shift from aerobic to anaerobic growth conditions. Thus, an essential link in the Arc signal transduction pathway connecting the redox state of the quinone pool to the transcriptional apparatus is elucidated.