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García-Ulloa M; Ponce-Soto G; González-Valdez A; González-Pedrajo B; Díaz-Guerrero M; Souza V; Soberón-Chávez G (2019)

TWO PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA CLONAL GROUPS BELONGING TO THE PA14 CLADE ARE INDIGENOUS TO THE CHURINCE SYSTEM IN CUATRO CIéNEGAS COAHUILA, MéXICO

ENVIRON MICROBIOL ():
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© 2019 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a widely distributed environmental bacterium but is also an opportunistic pathogen that represents an important health hazard due to its high intrinsic antibiotic resistance and its production of virulence factors. The genetic structure of P. aeruginosa populations using whole genome sequences shows the existence of three clades, one of which (PA7 clade) has a higher genetic diversity. These three clades include clinical and environmental isolates that are very diverse in terms of geographical origins and isolation date. Here, we report the characterization of two distinct clonal P. aeruginosa groups that form a part of the PA14 clade (clade 2) sampled from the Churince system in Cuatro Ciénegas Basin (CCB). One of the clonal groups that we report here was isolated in 2011 (group 2A) and was displaced by the other clonal group (2B) in 2015. Both Churince groups are unable to produce pyoverdine but can produce other virulence-associated traits. The existence of these unique P. aeruginosa clonal groups in the Churince system is of ecological and evolutionary significance since the microbiota of this site is generally very distinct from other lineages, and this is the first time that a population of P. aeruginosa has been found in CCB.