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Pasantes Morales, H; Vazquez-Juarez, E; Ramos-Mandujano, G; Lezama, RA; Cruz-Rangel, S; Islas, LD (2008)

THROMBIN INCREASES HYPOSMOTIC TAURINE EFFLUX AND ACCELERATES ICISWELL- AND RVD IN 3T3 FIBROBLASTS BY A SRC-DEPENDENT EGFR TRANSACTIVATION

PFLUG ARCH EUR J PHY 455(5):859-872
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The present study in Swiss3T3 fibroblasts examines the effect of thrombin on hyposmolarity-induced osmolyte fluxes and RVD, and the contribution of the src/EGFR pathway. Thrombin (5 U/ml) added to a 30% hyposmotic medium markedly increased hyposmotic H-3-taurine efflux (285%), accelerated the volume-sensitive Cl- current (ICIswell-) and increased RVD rate. These effects were reduced (50-65%) by preventing the thrombin-induced intracellular Ca2+ [Ca2+](i) rise with EGTA-AM, or with the phospholipase C (PLC) blocker U73122. Ca2+ calmodulin (CaM) and calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII) also participate in this Ca2+-dependent pathway. Thrombin plus hyposmolarity increased src and EGFR phosphorylation, whose blockade by PP2 and AG1478, decreased by 30-50%, respectively, the thrombin effects on hyposmotic taurine efflux, ICIswell- and RVD. Ca2+- and src/EGFR-mediated pathways operate independently as shown by (1) the persistence of src and EGFR activation when [Ca2+](i) rise is prevented and (2) the additive effect on taurine efflux, ICIswell- or RVD by simultaneous inhibition of the two pathways, which essentially suppressed these events. PLC-Ca2+- and src/EGFR-signaling pathways operate in the hyposmotic condition and because thrombin per se failed to increase taurine efflux and ICIswell- under isosmotic condition it seems that it is merely amplifying these previously activated mechanisms. The study shows that thrombin potentiates hyposmolarity-induced osmolyte fluxes and RVD by increasing src/EGFR-dependent signaling, in addition to the Ca2+-dependent pathway.