Synthesis of the largest cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) subunit, Cox1, on yeast mitochondrial ribosomes is coupled to assembly of CcO. The translational activator Mss51 is sequestered in early assembly intermediate complexes by an interaction with Cox14 that depends on the presence of newly synthesized Cox1. If CcO assembly is prevented, the level of Mss51 available for translational activation is reduced. We deleted the C-terminal 11 or 15 residues of Cox1 by site-directed mutagenesis of mtDNA. Although these deletions did not prevent respiratory growth of yeast, they eliminated the assembly-feedback control of Cox1 synthesis. Furthermore, these deletions reduced the strength of the Mss51-Cox14 interaction as detected by co-immunoprecipitation, confirming the importance of the Cox1 C-terminal residues for Mss51 sequestration. We surveyed a panel of mutations that block CcO assembly for the strength of their effect on Cox1 synthesis, both by pulse labeling and expression of the ARG8(m) reporter fused to COX1. Deletion of the nuclear gene encoding Cox6, one of the first subunits to be added to assembling CcO, caused the most severe reduction in Cox1 synthesis. Deletion of the C-terminal 15 amino acids of Cox1 increased Cox1 synthesis in the presence of each of these mutations, except pet54. Our data suggest a novel activity of Pet54 required for normal synthesis of Cox1 that is independent of the Cox1 C-terminal end.
Última actualización: 28/09/2020