Whereas the histone acetyltransferase activity of yeast Gcn5p has been widely studied, its structural interactions with the histones and the role of the carboxy-terminal bromodomain are still unclear. Using a glutathione S-transferase null down assay we show that Gcn5p binds the amino-terminal tails of histones H3 and H4, but not H2A and H2B. The deletion of bromodomain abolishes this interaction and bromodomain alone is able to interact with the H3 and H4 N termini. The amino acid residues of the H4 N terminus involved in the binding with Gcn5p have been studied by site-directed mutagenesis. The substitution of amino acid residues R19 or R23 of the H4 N terminus with a glutamine (Q) abolishes the interaction with Gcn5p and the bromodomain. These residues differ from those known to be acetylated or to be involved in binding the SIR proteins. This evidence and the known dispensability of the bromodomain for Gcn5p acetyltransferase activity suggest a new structural role for the highly evolutionary conserved bromodomain. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
Última actualización: 27/06/2022