In Saccharomyces cerevisiae addition of glucose inhibits oxygen consumption, i.e. S. cerevisiae is Crabtree-positive. During active glycolysis hexoses-phosphate accumulate, and probably interact with mitochondria. In an effort to understand the mechanism underlying the Crabtree effect, the effect of two glycolysis-derived hexoses-phosphate was tested on the S. cerevisiae mitochondrial unspecific channel (ScMUC). Glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) promoted partial opening of ScMUC, which led to proton leakage and uncoupling which in turn resulted in, accelerated oxygen consumption. In contrast, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (F1,6BP) closed ScMUC and thus inhibited the rate of oxygen consumption. When added together, F1,6BP reverted the mild G6P-induced effects. F1,6BP is proposed to be an important modulator of ScMUC, whose closure contributes to the "Crabtree effect".
Última actualización: 23/09/2020