The Arc (anoxic redox control) two-component system of , comprising ArcA as the response regulator and ArcB as the sensor histidine kinase, modulates the expression of numerous genes in response to respiratory growth conditions. Under reducing growth conditions, ArcB autophosphorylates at the expense of ATP, and transphosphorylates ArcA via a His → Asp → His → Asp phosphorelay, whereas under oxidizing growth conditions, ArcB catalyzes the dephosphorylation of ArcA-P by a reverse Asp → His → Asp → P phosphorelay. However, the exact phosphoryl group transfer routes and the molecular mechanisms determining their directions are unclear. Here, we show that, during signal propagation, the His → Asp and Asp → His phosphoryl group transfers within ArcB dimers occur intra- and intermolecularly, respectively. Moreover, we report that, during signal decay, the phosphoryl group transfer from His to Asp takes place intramolecularly. In conclusion, we present a mechanism that dictates the direction of the phosphoryl group transfer within ArcB dimers and that enables the discrimination of the kinase and phosphatase activities of ArcB.
Última actualización: 12/08/2020