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Moran, J; Alavez, S; Pedroza, D (2000)

ROLE OF HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS IN THE EFFECT OF NMDA AND KCL ON CEREBELLAR GRANULE CELLS SURVIVAL

NEUROCHEM RES 25(3):341-347
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Cerebellar granule cells (CGC) die apoptotically after five days in culture (DIV) at physiological concentrations of potassium (5 mM; K5). When CGC are depolarized (K25) or treated with NMDA (150 mu M) cell survival is increased. CGC changed from K25 to K5 die after 24-48 h. It is known that heat shock protein (HSP) may protect from cell death. Here, we found that cells in K5 showed an increase in HSP-70 levels after 3 DIV. Similarly, in cells changed from K25 to KS, HSP-70 levels were increased after 6 h. Neither NMDA nor K25 treatment affected HSP-70 levels from 2-7 DIV. Ethanol or thermal stress induced HSP-70, but cell survival was not affected in K5 medium. These results suggest that HSP, particularly HSP-70, are not involved in the mechanisms by which NMDA and KCl promote cell survival.