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Moran, J; Ortega, A (2011)

ROLE OF CYTOSKELETON PROTEINS IN THE MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES DURING APOPTOTIC CELL DEATH OF CEREBELLAR GRANULE NEURONS

NEUROCHEM RES 36(1):93-102
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Cytoskeleton proteins are substrates for proteases and further apoptotic death. We evaluated the participation of cytoskeleton in morphological changes during cell death induced by two apoptotic conditions, potassium deprivation (K5) and staurosporine, in cerebellar granule neurons (CGC). We found that K5 induced somatic damage, but neurites were relatively preserved, which corresponded to the reorganization of actin and alpha-tubulin in neurites. Staurosporine (STS) induced an early alteration of neurites with reorganization of cytoskeleton proteins in somas. Caspase inhibitor ZVAD totally inhibited STS-induced alpha-tubulin reorganization and partially blocked STS-induced actin reorganization. alpha-tubulin and actin reorganization induced by K5 was affected by ZVAD. Calpain inhibitor (IC1) did not affect alpha-tubulin or actin reorganization induced by STS, K5 or ionomycin. Neither ZVAD, nor IC1 changed alpha-tubulin or actin levels upon K5 treatment. STS increased alpha-tubulin and actin levels, but neither ZVAD nor IC1 changed alpha-tubulin levels upon STS treatment. In contrast, ZVAD reduced the STS-induced increase of actin. These results suggest that CGC cytoskeleton proteins undergo a differential expression and reorganization depending on the apoptotic condition.