It was previously demonstrated that Cyc2p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a mitochondrial protein; that the cyc2-Delta2 deletion lacking the entire gene causes a diminution to only approximately 20% of the normal levels of cytochrome c due to a partial deficiency in mitochondrial import of apo-cytochrome c; that the deletion causes a defective mitochondrial function, as revealed by diminished growth on media containing nonfermentable carbon sources; and that this defect is exacerbated in hyper-ionic KCl media and at higher incubation temperatures, but is suppressed on media containing sorbitol, a nonionic compound. We report that por1-Delta strains lacking the mitochondrial porin, Por1p, but not por2-Delta strains lacking the related porin, share some phenotypes similar to the cyc2-Delta2 strain, including hypersensitivity to KCl in glycerol medium. Moreover, spontaneous swelling in the presence of ATP was detected in mitochondria from the cyc2-Delta2 strain, while swelling could be detected in mitochondria from the other strains only after the addition of KCl. Thus, highly unspecific membrane permeation may be triggered by ATP in the cyc2-Delta2 strain. We suggest that Por1p and Cyc2p, in addition to their own unique functions, serve to maintain the osmotic stability of mitochondria, but by different mechanisms. (C) 2001 Academic Press.
Última actualización: 18/09/2017