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Rivero-Segura, N. A; Coronado-Mares, Ma. I; Rincon-Heredia, R; Perez-Torres, I; Montiel, T; Pavon, N; Cabrera-Reyes, E. A; Massieu, L; Cerbon, M (2019)

PROLACTIN PREVENTS MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTION INDUCED BY GLUTAMATE EXCITOTOXICITY IN HIPPOCAMPAL NEURONS

Neurosci. Lett. 701():58-64
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Prolactin (PRL) is a pleiotropic hormone secreted by several cells and tissues in the body, such as mammary glands, T-lymphocytes, hypothalamus, among others. This hormone possess neuroprotective properties against glutamate-excitotoxicity through the activation of NF-kB, suggesting it could exert an antioxidant action. However, the role of PRL on the antioxidant defense during glutamate-induced excitotoxicity is not clear to date. Therefore, in the present study, we have evaluated the effect of PRL on SOD activity and protein content of both of its isoforms (Mn-SOD and Cu/Zn-SOD), as well as, its action on mitochondrial activity in primary culture of hippocampal neurons of rats. Additionally, we have evaluated the possible antioxidant effect of PRL through the determination of lipid peroxidation products (LPO), measured as malondialdehyde (MDA). Results show that PRL enhances the activity and the protein content of Mn-SOD and Cu/Zn-SOD in neurons exposed to glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. Moreover, our results demonstrate that PRL prevents mitochondrial dysfunction induced by glutamate and significantly decreases the levels of LPO products. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a potential antioxidant effect of PRL has been described in hippocampal neurons exposed to glutamate excitotoxicity, opening questions of its potentiality for therapeutics.