Platelet aggregation is inhibited by the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine. To date, the mechanism of action has not been clearly identified. Evidence suggests that polyamines may interact with the fibrinogen receptor (GP IIb/IIIa), interfering with platelet-platelet attachment. The effect of polyamines on human platelet aggregation and GP IIb/IIIa activation was evaluated. For the aggregation experiments, platelets were obtained from heparin- or citrate-collected blood. Our results indicate that the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine cause a dose-dependent inhibition of ADP- or collagen-mediated platelet aggregation with an order of potency spermine > spermidine > putrescine. In addition, spermine arrests or inhibits thrombin-, epinephrine-, arachidonate-, or ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation. Expression of platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb, IIIa, and IX is not reduced by polyamines. However, spermine inhibits the ADP- or thrombin-induced activation of GP IIb/IIIa. It is concluded that the final step in aggregation, common to all agonists, ie, fibrinogen binding to GP IIb/IIIa, is inhibited by spen-nine through inhibition of the agonist-induced activation of GP IIb/IIIa that precedes fibrinogen-ligand binding.
Última actualización: 25/09/2020