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Mas-Oliva, J; Aguilar-Gaytan, R (2003)

OXIDATIVE STRESS IMPAIRS ENDOCYTOSIS OF THE SCAVENGER RECEPTOR CLASS A

BIOCHEM BIOPH RES CO 305(3):510-517
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We report the characterization of a cell system employing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and CHO cells transfected with the scavenger receptor class A (CHO-SRA) using extracellularly produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to study the endocytic function of the scavenger receptor. The oxidative environment was produced using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH) and characterized by flow cytometry and cell viability. Once an adequate oxidative environment was established, binding and internalization studies of radiolabeled acetylated LDL particles (I-125-labeled Ac-LDL) with CHO-SRA cells were carried out. RT-PCR analysis using total RNAs from CHO-SRA cells revealed that oxidative stress does not alter the expression of the scavenger receptor. However, internalization of I-125-labeled Ac-LDL through this receptor carried out by these cells was completely abolished under extracellularly oxidative conditions. Together, these results support the idea that an oxidative stress produced extracellularly, inhibiting the endocytosis of the scavenger receptor, could help to understand and explain the mechanisms by which several physiologically important ligands are accumulated in the extracellular space with its consequent cell damage. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.