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Cruz-Ramos E; Macías-Silva M; Sandoval-Hernández A; Tecalco-Cruz A (2019)

NON-MUSCLE MYOSIN IIA IS POST-TRANSLATIONALLY MODIFIED BY INTERFERON-STIMULATED GENE 15 IN BREAST CANCER CELLS

INT J BIOCHEM CELL B 107():14-26
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd ISG15 (interferon-stimulated gene 15) exists as free ISG15 or conjugated ISG15 modifying its target proteins via ISGylation. Few proteins have been identified and studied as ISGylation targets, and their relevance is not completely clear. Here, we isolated ISG15 from MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells using immunoprecipitation and identified non-muscle myosin IIA (NMIIA) using mass spectrometry as endogenously associated with ISG15. The identification of NMIIA as an ISG15-interacting protein was important, because levels of NMIIA mRNA were not deregulated in all breast cancers, and because our in silico analysis indicated that NMIIA was the target of different posttranslational modifications and had an interactome associated with cytoskeletal remodeling. Furthermore, our experimental assays of co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence confirmed that ISG15 was covalently associated with NMIIA in the cytoplasm of breast cancer cells and that interferon γ (IFN-γ) increased this association without alterations in the NMIIA levels. Thus, NMIIA ISGylation is regulated by IFN-γ, and this modification may modulate its interactions with proteins that remodel the cytoskeleton, participating in the growth and progression of mammary tumors.