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Moran, J; Valdes-Reyes, L; Argueta, J; Salaiza, N; Hernandez, J; Berzunza, M; Aguirre-Garcia, M; Becker, I; Gutierrez-Kobeh, L (2009)

LEISHMANIA MEXICANA: INHIBITION OF CAMPTOTHECIN-INDUCED APOPTOSIS OF MONOCYTE-DERIVED DENDRITIC CELLS

EXP PARASITOL 121(3):199-207
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Macrophages (M) and dendritic cells (DC) are the major target cell populations of the obligate intracellular parasite Leishmania. Inhibition of host cell apoptosis is a method employed by multiple pathogens to ensure their survival in the infected cell. Leishmania has been shown to protect M and neutrophils from both natural and induced apoptosis. As shown in this study, apoptosis in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDC) induced by treatment with camptothecin was downregulated by coincubation with L. mexicana, as detected by morphological analysis of cell nuclei, TUNEL assay, gel electrophoresis of low molecular weight DNA fragments, and annexin V binding to phosphatidylserine. The observed antiapoptotic effect was found to be associated with a significant reduction of caspase-3 activity in moDC. The capacity of L mexicana to delay apoptosis induction in the infected moDC may have implications for Leishmania pathogenesis by favoring the invasion of its host and the persistence of the parasite in the infected cells. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.