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Perez Montfort, R; GomezPuyou A; Cabrera, N; Hernandez-Alcantara, G; Mendoza-Hernandez, G (2008)

KEY RESIDUES OF LOOP 3 IN THE INTERACTION WITH THE INTERFACE RESIDUE AT POSITION 14 IN TRIOSEPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE FROM TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI

BIOCHEMISTRY-US 47(11):3499-3506
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Cysteine 14 is an interface residue that is fundamental for the catalysis and stability of homodimeric triosephosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma brucei (TbTIM). Its side chain is surrounded by a deep pocket of 11 residues that are part of loop 3 of the adjacent monomer. Mutation of this residue to serine (producing single mutant C14S) yields a wild-type-like enzyme that is resistant to the action of sulfhydryl reagents methylmethane thiosulfonate (MMTS) and 5,5-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate) (DTNB). This mutant enzyme was a starting point for probing by cysteine scanning the role of four residues of loop 3 in the catalysis and stability of the enzyme. Considering that the conservative substitution of either serine or alanine with cysteine would minimally alter the structure and properties of the environment of the residue in position 14, we made double mutants C14S/A69C, C14S/S71C, C14S/A73C, and C14S/S79C. Three of these double mutants were similar in their kinetic parameters to wild-type TbTIM and the single mutant C14S, but double mutant C14S/A73C showed a greatly reduced k(cat). All enzymes had similar CD spectra, but all mutants had thermal stabilities lower than that of wild-type TbTIM. Intrinsic fluorescence was also similar for all enzymes, but the double mutants bound up to 50 times more 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS) and were susceptible to digestion with subtilisin. The double mutants were also susceptible to inactivation by sulfhydryl reagents. Double mutant C14S/S79C exhibited the highest sensitivity to MMTS and DTNB, bound a significant amount of ANS, and had the highest sensitivity to subtilisin. Thus, the residues at positions 73 and 79 are critical for the catalysis and stability of TbTIM, respectively.