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GarciaSainz, J; Molina-Munoz, T; Romero-Avila, MT (2006)

INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-I INDUCES ALPHA(1B)-ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR PHOSPHORYLATION THROUGH G BETA GAMMA AND EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR TRANSACTI

MOL ENDOCRINOL 20(11):2773-2783
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IGF-I induces alpha(1B)-adrenoceptor (alpha(1B)-AR) phosphorylation. The effect of IGF-I was rapid and transient, reaching near-maximal values at 10 min and decreasing after 30 min; it was observed at low IGF-I concentrations (EC50 approximate to 10 ng/ml) and was associated to receptor desensitization as evidenced by a decreased alpha(1B)-adrenergic effect on intracellular calcium and production of inositol phosphates. The effect of IGF-I was markedly decreased in cells treated with pertussis toxin suggesting involvement of pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins. Transfection of the carboxyl terminus of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase or the Delta p85 mutant of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) markedly decreased the alpha(1B)-AR phosphorylation induced by IGF-I without decreasing the receptor phosphorylation induced by noradrenaline. Inhibitors of PI3K and protein kinase C blocked IGF-I-induced alpha(1B)-AR phosphorylation. In addition, it was observed that AG1478, an inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor kinase, and BB-94, a metalloproteinase inhibitor, also diminished IGF-I-induced adrenoceptor phosphorylation. The data clearly show that IGF-I triggers a complex signaling pathway, which leads to the phosphorylation and desensitization of a serpentine G protein-coupled receptor, suggesting the following hypothetical model: 1) stimulation of IGF-I receptors activate pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins; 2) the growth factor action activates metalloproteinases, which catalyze heparin binding-EGF shedding, and transactivation of EGF receptors, and 3) dissociated G beta gamma subunits and phosphotyrosine residues seem to trigger PI3K activity, which leads to activation of protein kinase C, resulting in alpha(1B)-AR phosphorylation and desensitization.