© 2019 Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) is one of the most important pathogens in pigs around the world. PCV2 is a non-enveloped virus and its capsid is formed by a single protein known as open reading frame 2 (ORF2). The aim of this study was to evaluate the antigenicity and immunogenicity of genetically-encoded protein nanoparticles (NPs) containing ORF2 from PCV2 fused to the first 110 amino acids of the N-terminus of polyhedrin from the insect virus Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (PH(1 −1 1 0)). Our group has previously described that some polyhedrin fragments self-aggregate forming polyhedra-like particles. We identified a self-aggregating signal within the first 110 amino acids from polyhedrin (PH(1 −1 1 0)). Fusing the ORF2 from PCV2 to the carboxyl terminus from PH(1 −1 1 0) results in the formation of NPs which incorporate the antigen of interest. Using this system we synthesized NPs containing PH(1 −1 1 0) fused to ORF2 (PH(1 −1 1 0)PCV2) and purify them to immunize pigs and evaluate the humoral immune response generated by these NPs comparing them to a commercially available vaccine. Pigs immunized with PH(1 −1 1 0)PCV2 NPs produced antibodies against ORF2 from PCV2 as indicated by western blot and ELISA analysis. Antibodies obtained with PH(1 −1 1 0)PCV2 NPs were comparable to those obtained using a commercial PCV2 vaccine. These antibodies neutralized the infection of a recombinant PCV2 expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP). These results together suggest that the self-aggregating peptide PH(1 −1 1 0) can be used for the synthesis of subunit vaccines against PCV2.
Última actualización: 15/02/2023