© 2020 Elsevier GmbH The possibility that glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) could modulate α1A-adrenergic receptor (α1A-AR) function and regulation was tested employing LNCaP and HEK293 cells transfected to express the enhanced green fluorescent protein-tagged human α1A-AR. Receptor phosphorylation and internalization, intracellular free calcium, α1A-AR-GSK3 colocalization, and coimmunoprecipitation were studied. The effects of the pharmacological GSK3 inhibitor, SB-216763, and the coexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of this kinase, as well as the signaling, desensitization, and internalization of receptors with S229, S258, S352, and S381 substitutions for alanine or aspartate, were also determined. SB-216763 inhibited agonist- and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-mediated α1A-AR phosphorylation, reduced oxymetazoline-induced desensitization, and magnified that induced by PMA. Agonists and PMA increased receptor-GSK3 colocalization and coimmunoprecipitation. Expression of a dominant-negative GSK3 mutant reduced agonist- but not PMA-induced receptor internalization. α1A-AR with the GSK3 putative target sites mutated to alanine exhibited reduced phosphorylation and internalization in response to agonists and increased PMA-induced desensitization. Agonist-induced, but not PMA-induced, receptor-β arrestin intracellular colocalization was diminished in cells expressing the GSK3 putative target sites mutated to alanine. Our data indicated that GSK3 exerts a dual action on α1A-AR participating in agonist-mediated desensitization and internalization and avoiding PMA-induced desensitization.
Última actualización: 01/06/2020