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Recillas, F; Escalante-Alcalde, D; Valencia, C; Santa-Olalla, J; Chavez, P; Marroquin, A; Gutierrez, L; Gariglio, P; Covarrubias, L (2000)

EXPRESSION OF E6 AND E7 PAPILLOMAVIRUS ONCOGENES IN THE OUTER ROOT SHEATH OF HAIR FOLLICLES EXTENDS THE GROWTH PHASE AND BYPASSES RESTING AT TELOGEN

CELL GROWTH DIFFER 11(10):527-539
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Hair follicle growth cycle proceeds through a series of stages in which strict control of cell proliferation, differentiation, and cell death occurs. Transgenic mice expressing human papillomavirus type 16 E6/E7 papillomavirus oncogenes in the outer root sheath (ORS) display a fur phenotype characterized by lower hair density and the ability to regenerate hair much faster than wild-type mice. Regenerating hair follicles of transgenic mice show a longer growth phase (anagen), and although bulb regression (catagen) occurs, rest at telogen was not observed. No abnormalities were detected during the first cycle of hair follicle growth, but by the second cycle, initiation of catagen was delayed, and rest at telogen was again not attained, even in the presence of estradiol, a telogen resting signal. In conclusion, expression of E6/E7 in the ORS delays entrance to catagen and makes cells of the ORS insensitive to telogen resting signals bearing to a continuous hair follicle cycling in transgenic mice.