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Garza-Dominguez, Ramiro; Torres-Quiroz, Francisco (2022)

EVOLUTIONARY SIGNALS IN CORONAVIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS SUGGEST POSSIBLE COMPLEX MECHANISMS OF POST-TRANSLATIONAL REGULATION IN SARS-COV-2 VIRUS

Viruses 14(11):
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Post-translational regulation of proteins has emerged as a central topic of research in the field of functional proteomics. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) dynamically control the activities of proteins and are involved in a wide range of biological processes. Crosstalk between different types of PTMs represents a key mechanism of regulation and signaling. Due to the current pandemic of the novel and dangerous SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) virus, here we present an in silico analysis of different types of PTMs in structural proteins of coronaviruses. A dataset of PTM sites was studied at three levels: conservation analysis, mutational analysis and crosstalk analysis. We identified two sets of PTMs which could have important functional roles in the regulation of the structural proteins of coronaviruses. Additionally, we found seven interesting signals of potential crosstalk events. These results reveal a higher level of complexity in the mechanisms of post-translational regulation of coronaviral proteins and provide new insights into the adaptation process of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.