Halotolerant species are adapted to dealing continually with hyperosmotic environments, having evolved strategies that are uncommon in other organisms. The HOG pathway is the master system that regulates the cellular adaptation under these conditions; nevertheless, apart from the importance of Debaryomyces hansenii as an organism representative of the halotolerant class, its HOG1 pathway has been poorly studied, due to the difficulty of applying conventional recombinant DNA technology. Here we describe for the first time the phenotypic characterisation of a null HOG1 mutant of D. hansenii. Dhhog1Δ strain was found moderately resistant to 1 M NaCl and sensitive to higher concentrations. Under hyperosmotic shock, DhHog1 fully upregulated transcription of DhSTL1 and partially upregulated that of DhGPD1. High osmotic stress lead to long-term inner glycerol accumulation that was partially dependent on DhHog1. These observations indicated that the HOG pathway is required for survival under high external osmolarity but dispensable under low and mid-osmotic conditions. It was also found that DhHog1 can regulate response to alkali stress during hyperosmotic conditions and that it plays a role in oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Taken together, these results provide new insight into the contribution of this MAPK in halotolerance of this yeast.
Última actualización: 14/09/2020