In the present study, the effect of chromaffin cell transplant in the spinal cord was evaluated on formalin-induced mechanical secondary allodynia in the rat. Chromaffin cells were transplanted into the lumbar subarachnoid space before or after formalin injection. Subcutaneous formalin injection (50 mu l, 1%) produced long-lasting secondary allodynia in the ipsilateral and contralateral hind paws. Once secondary allodynia was established, treatment with chromaffin cells produced a significant reduction in the nociceptive behavior in both hind paws. The antiallodynic effect was time-dependent since it was observed 15 days after chromaffin cell transplants but not before. On the other hand, pre-treatment with chromaffin cells prevented the expression of secondary allodynia in both hind paws in the rat. Antiallodynic effect of chromaffin cells was reverted with the non-selective opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone and the non-selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine. Clusters of viable chromaffin cells labeled with anti-tyrosine hydroxylase antibodies were observed in the retrieved transplants 15 days after transplant. These results establish the analgesic efficacy of intrathecal chromaffin cells on formalin-induced secondary allodynia. Our data suggest that chromaffin cells release neuroactive substances including opioid peptides and adrenergic amines that reduce secondary allodynia in rats through activation of their receptors. (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Última actualización: 21/10/2016