Although enhanced phosphorylative activity can be a requisite for later DNA synthesis during liver regeneration (LR), mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species could lead to altered mitochondrial membrane permeability during the prereplicative phase of LR. Therefore, the role of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) was evaluated during rat LR, induced by either partial hepatectomy (PH) or after CCl4 administration. Parameters indicative of mitochondrial function and membrane potentials, those of oxidative stress, and in vivo changes of the intramitochondrial pool of adenine nucleotides were determined. Twelve hours after PH, mitochondrial oxidative and phosphorylative activities and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) content were increased, reaching a maximal peak at 24 hours after surgery (maximal DNA synthesis). Parameters suggestive of oxidant stress were enhanced, but mitochondrial volume and membrane electrical potential remained unaltered. Interestingly, moderate mitochondrial swelling and depolarization were found at later post-PH times (72 hours). In CCl4-treated animals, it was found that an active liver cell necrosis delayed mitotic activity and mitochondrial uncoupled respiration. Starting 12 hours after CCl4 intoxication, a drastic increase of inorganic phosphate occurred within swollen and strongly depolarized mitochondria, suggesting changes in the MPT. Despite expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) for mitochondrial transcription, factor A showed a similar time course in both experimental models. The so-called augmenter liver regeneration was found significantly elevated only in PH rats. In conclusion, onset of MPT could be associated with cell necrosis and inflammation after CCl4 treatment, whereas this mitochondrial event could constitute a putative effector mechanism, through which growth or inflammatory factors inhibiting cell proliferation could initiate LR termination.
Última actualización: 23/02/2018