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De-Miguel, FF; Trueta, C; Sanchez-Armass, S; Morales, MA (2004)


J NEUROBIOL 61(3):309-316
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We analyzed the contribution of calcium (Ca2+)-induced Ca2+ release to somatic secretion in serotonergic Retzius neurons of the leech. Somatic secretion was studied by the incorporation of fluorescent dye FM1-43 upon electrical stimulation with trains of 10 impulses and by electron microscopy. Quantification of secretion with FM1-43 was made in cultured neurons to improve optical resolution. Stimulation in the presence of FM1-43 produced a frequency-dependent number of fluorescent spots. While a 1-Hz train produced 19.5 +/- 5.0 spots/soma, a 10-Hz train produced 146.7 +/- 20.2 spots/soma. Incubation with caffeine (10 mM) to induce Ca2+ release from intracellular stores without electrical stimulation and external Ca2+, produced 168 +/- 21.7 spots/soma. This staining was reduced by 49% if neurons were preincubated with the Ca2+- ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin (200 nM). Moreover, in neurons stimulated at 10 Hz in the presence of ryanodine (100 muM to block Ca2+ -induced Ca2+ release, FM1-43 staining was reduced by 42%. In electron micrographs of neurons at rest or stimulated at I Hz in the ganglion, endoplasmic reticulum lay between clusters of dense core vesicles and the plasma membrane. In contrast, in neurons stimulated at 20 Hz, the vesicle clusters were apposed to the plasma membrane and flanked by the endoplasmic reticulum. These results suggest that Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release produces vesicle mobilization and fusion in the soma of Retzius neurons, and supports the idea that neuronal somatic secretion shares common mechanisms with secretion by excitable endocrine cells. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.