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Cabrera-Orefice, Alfredo; Chiquete-Felix, Natalia; Espinasa-Jaramillo, Juan; Rosas-Lemus, Monica; Guerrero-Castillo, Sergio; Pena, Antonio; Uribe-Carvajal, Salvador (2014)

THE BRANCHED MITOCHONDRIAL RESPIRATORY CHAIN FROM DEBARYOMYCES HANSENII: COMPONENTS AND SUPRAMOLECULAR ORGANIZATION

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1837(1):73-84
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The branched respiratory chain in mitochondria from the halotolerant yeast Debaryomyces hansenii contains the classical complexes I, II, III and IV plus a cyanide-insensitive, AMP-activated, alternative-oxidase (AOX). Two additional alternative oxidoreductases were found in this organism: an alternative NADH dehydrogenase (NDH2e) and a mitochondrial isoform of glycerol-phosphate dehydrogenase (MitGPDH). These monomeric enzymes lack proton pump activity. They are located on the outer face of the inner mitochondrial membrane. NDH2e oxidizes exogenous NADH in a rotenone-insensitive, flavone-sensitive, process. AOX seems to be constitutive; nonetheless, most electrons are transferred to the cytochromic pathway. Respiratory supercomplexes containing complexes I, III and IV in different stoichiometries were detected. Dimeric complex V was also detected. In-gel activity of NADH dehydrogenase, mass spectrometry, and cytochrome c oxidase and ATPase activities led to determine the composition of the putative supercomplexes. Molecular weights were estimated by comparison with those from the yeast Y. lipolytica and they were IV2, I-IV, III2-IV4, V2, I-III2, I-III2-IV, I-III2-IV2, I-III2-IV3 and I-III2-IV4. Binding of the alternative enzymes to supercomplexes was not detected. This is the first report on the structure and organization of the mitochondrial respiratory chain from D. hansenii.