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Celis, H; Castillo-Juarez, I; Rivero-Cruz, F; Romero, I (2007)

ANTI-HELICOBACTER PYLORI ACTIVITY OF ANACARDIC ACIDS FROM AMPHIPTERYGIUM ADSTRINGENS

J ETHNOPHARMACOL 114(1):72-77
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Amphipterygium adstringens (Schltdl.) Standl. (Anacardiaceae) is widely used in traditional Mexican medicine for the treatment of gastritis and ulcers. In this work, we studied the anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of its bark, this Gram-negative bacterium is considered the major etiological agent of chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, and it is linked to gastric carcinoma. From a bio-guided assay of the fractions obtained form a continuous Soxhlet extraction of the bark, we identified that petroleum ether fraction had significant antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori. From this fraction, we isolated an anacardic acids mixture and three known triterpenes: masticadienonic acid; 3 alpha-hydroxymasticadienonic acid; 3-epi-oleanolic; as well as the sterol beta-sitosterol. Only the anacardic acids mixture exhibits a potent dose-dependent antibacterial activity (MIC = 10 mu g/ml in broth cultures). It is enriched in saturated alkyl phenolic acids (C-15:0, C-16:0, C-17:0 C-19:0) which represents a novel source of these compounds with potent anti-Helicobacter pylori activity. The promising use of anacardic acids and Amphipterygium adstringens bark in the development of an integral treatment of Helicobacter pylori diseases is discussed. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.