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Del Carmen Rejón-Orantes, J; González-Esquinca, A.R; De La Mora, M.P; Roldan Roldan, G; Cortes, D (2011)

ANNOMONTINE, AN ALKALOID ISOLATED FROM ANNONA PURPUREA, HAS ANXIOLYTIC-LIKE EFFECTS IN THE ELEVATED PLUS-MAZE

Planta Med. 77(4):322-327
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The effects of annomontine, a pyrimidine - carboline alkaloid isolated from the root of Annona purpurea, on anxiety was studied in mice using the elevated plus-maze. The behavioral effects of this alkaloid on the pentobarbital-induced hypnosis, the locomotor activity in an open field, and the motor coordination in the rotarod test were also evaluated. The intraperitoneal injection of annomontine (1-30 mg/kg) increased in a dose-dependent way the number of visits to and the time spent in the open arms of the elevated plus-maze in comparison to the control animals. Such effects were blocked by the prior application of flumazenil (3 mg/kg; i. p.), a specific antagonist for the binding of benzodiazepines on the GABAreceptor. Under the same experimental conditions annomontine failed to affect the behavior of the animals in the pentobarbital-induced hypnosis test and had no effects on locomotion and motor coordination. These results suggest that annomontine possesses anxiolytic-like effects which may be mediated at the level of the benzodiazepine binding site on the GABAreceptor. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.