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Wagener N; Ackermann M; Funes S; Neupert W (2011)

A PATHWAY OF PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION IN MITOCHONDRIA MEDIATED BY THE AAA-ATPASE BCS1

MOL CELL 44(2):191-202
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The AAA+ family in eukaryotes has many members in various cellular compartments with a role in protein unfolding and degradation. We show that the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Bcs1 has an unusual function in protein translocation. Bcs1 mediates topogenesis of the Rieske protein, Rip1, a component of respiratory chains in bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. The oligomeric AAA-ATPase Bcs1 is involved in export of the folded Fe-S domain of Rip1 across the inner membrane and insertion of its transmembrane segment into an assembly intermediate of the cytochrome bc 1 complex, thus revealing an unexpected mechanistical concept of protein translocation across membranes. Furthermore, we describe structural elements of Rip1 required for recognition and export by as well as ATP-dependent lateral release from the AAA-ATPase. In bacteria and chloroplasts Rip1 uses the Tat machinery for topogenesis; however, mitochondria have lost this machinery during evolution and a member of the AAA-ATPase family has taken over its function. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.