QR Code
Gutierrez, H; Sole, C; Dolcet, X; Segura, MF; Diaz-Meco, MT; Gozzelino, R; Sanchis, D; Bayascas, JR; Gallego, C; Moscat, J; Davies, AM; Comella, JX (2004)

THE DEATH RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST FAIM PROMOTES NEURITE OUTGROWTH BY A MECHANISM THAT DEPENDS ON ERK AND NF-KAPPA B SIGNALING

J CELL BIOL 167(3):479-492
full text

as apoptosis inhibitory molecule (FAIM) is a protein identified as an antagonist of Fas-induced cell death. We show that FAIM overexpression fails to rescue neurons from trophic factor deprivation, but exerts a marked neurite growth-promoting action in different neuronal systems. Whereas FAIM overexpression greatly enhanced neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells and sympathetic neurons grown with nerve growth factor (NGF), reduction of endogenous FAIM levels by RNAi decreased neurite outgrowth in these cells. FAIM overexpression promoted NF-kappaB activation, and blocking this activation by using a super-repressor IkappaBalpha or by carrying out experiments using cortical neurons from mice that lack the p65 NF-kappaB subunit prevented FAIM-induced neurite outgrowth. The effect of FAIM on neurite outgrowth was also blocked by inhibition of the Ras-ERK pathway. Finally, we show that FAIM interacts with both Trk and p75 neurotrophin receptor NGF receptors in a ligand-dependent manner. These results reveal a new function of FAIM in promoting neurite outgrowth by a mechanism involving activation of the Ras-ERK pathway and NF-kappaB.