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Gayosso-De-Lucio, Juan; Torres-Valencia, Martin; Rojo-Dominguez, Arturo; Najera-Pena, Hugo; Aguirre-Lopez, Beatriz; Salas-Pacheco, Jose; Avitia-Dominguez, Claudia; Tellez-Valencia, Alfredo (2009)

SELECTIVE INACTIVATION OF TRIOSEPHOSPHATE ISOMERASE FROM TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI BY BREVIFOLIN CARBOXYLATE DERIVATIVES ISOLATED FROM GERANIUM BELLUM ROSE

Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 19(20):5936-5939
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In the search of molecules that can serve as leads in the design of a new drug for the treatment of Chagas' disease, we found that some brevifolin carboxylate derivatives isolated from Geranium bellum Rose, inactivate triosephosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma cruzi (TcTIM) in a species-specific manner. After spectroscopic characterization, these compounds were identified as methylbrevifolin carboxylate (1), ethylbrevifolin carboxylate (2), butylbrevifolin carboxylate (3) and the methylated derivate methyl tri-O-methylbrevifolin carboxylate (4). The concentrations required to inactivate fifty percent the activity of TcTIM were 6.5, 8 and 14 microM of 1, 2 and 3, respectively, while compound 4 had no inhibitory effect. Molecular docking simulations of 1 on the structure of TcTIM showed that residues of both monomers interact with the compound. These compounds are very selective with respect to the parasite enzyme, since they showed no effect on the activity of human TIM at concentrations as high as 1mM. In conclusion, the brevifolin carboxylate derivatives described here are excellent leads in the search of a new chemotherapy for the treatment of this disease.