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GarciaSainz, J; Gottfried-Blackmore, A; Vazquez-Prado, J; Romero-Avila, MT (1999)

PROTEIN KINASE C-MEDIATED PHOSPHORYLATION AND DESENSITIZATION OF HUMAN ALPHA(1B)-ADRENOCEPTORS

EUR J PHARMACOL 385():263-271
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Human alpha(1b)-adrenoceptors stably expressed (B-max similar to 800 fmol/mg membrane protein) in mouse fibroblasts were able to increase intracellular Ca2+ and inositol phosphate production in response to noradrenaline. Activation of protein kinase C desensitized the alpha(1b)-adrenergic-mediated actions but did not block the ability of the cells to respond to lysophosphatidic acid. Inhibition or downregulation of protein kinase C also blocked the action of the tumor promoter on the adrenergic effects. Photolabeling experiments indicated that the receptor has an apparent molecular weight of similar to 80 kDa. The receptors were phosphorylated in the basal state and such phosphorylation was increased when the cells were incubated with phorbol myristate acetate or noradrenaline. Incubation of the cells with phorbol myristate acetate or noradrenaline blocked noradrenaline-promoted [S-35]GTP-gamma-S binding to membranes, suggesting receptor-G protein uncoupling. The results indicate that activation of protein kinase C blocked/desensitized human alpha(1b)-adrenoceptors and that such effect was associated to receptor phosphorylation. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.