The mechanisms that control cellular proliferation, as well as those related with programmed cell death or apoptosis, require precise regulation systems to prevent diseases such as cancer. Events related to cellular proliferation as well as those associated with apoptosis involve the regulation of gene expression carried out by three basic genetic expression regulation mechanisms: transcription, splicing of the primary transcript for mature mRNA formation, and RNA translation, a ribosomal machinery-dependent process for protein synthesis. While development of each one of these processes requires energy for recognition and assembly of a number of molecular complexes, it has been reported that an increased expression of several members of these protein complexes promotes apoptosis in distinct cell types. The question of how these factors interact with other proteins in order to incorporate themselves into the different transduction cascades and stimulate the development of programmed cell death, although nowadays actively studied, is still waiting for a clear-cut answer. This review focuses on the interactions established between different families of transcription, elongation, translation and splicing factors associated to the progression of apoptosis.
Última actualización: 26/10/2016