The plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) located in the hepatocyte is a controversial molecule in itself since it displays different features to those regarded as canonical for P-type Ca2+-ATPases, and from which transcript expression as well as catalytic activity continues to be under active investigation. Our aim in this study was to explore at a first glance, pmca isoform distribution using isolated parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells from rat liver tissue. Expression of pmca transcripts was analyzed in fresh or cell-enriched culture preparations, confirming pmca1 and pmca4 as the housekeeping isoforms in all cell types studied (hepatocytes, Kupffer cells, and stellate cells). However, for the first time we show expression of pmca3 transcripts edited at two different sites in both hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells. Interestingly, employing non-parenchymal cells we demonstrate the specific expression of pmca3e transcripts previously considered nearly exclusive of excitable tissues. Real-time PCR quantification shows a significant decrease of pmca3 transcripts in cultured Kupffer and hepatic stellate cells in comparison with fresh cells. The presence of pmca2 along with pmca3 in all liver cell types studied suggests that high affinity isoforms are relevant to the adequate management of calcium in liver tissue, particularly when hepatic cells become activated by diverse stimuli.
Última actualización: 21/10/2016