In double-blind, immunological assays, samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 141 patients with neurocysticercosis (NCC) or other neurological disorders were tested for IgG reacting with the excretory/secretory (E/S) antigens of Taenia solium metacestodes. The results for the cases of NCC were then correlated with the developmental stage of the metacestodes present in each case, as assessed by computerized tomography and magnetic-resonance imaging. In the ELISA first used, the samples of CSF from most (88%) of the patients with the vesicular stage of NCC (some of whom also had the degenerate and/or calcified metacestodes) were found to contain the specific IgG. In electro-immunotransfer blot (EITB) assays, three of the E/S antigens, of 95, 49 and 29 kDA, were recognized by 86%-100% of the ELISA-positive CSF. When these three antigens were isolated and tested, as a pool, against all the CSF samples in double-blind ELISA, almost all (96.6%) of the CSF samples from patients with metacestodes at the vesicular stage were recognized. In the detection of individuals with vesicular metacestodes, the assay based on the three isolated antigens was significantly more sensitive than that based on the crude extract of E/ S antigens (P< 0.05). In EITB assays based on the three antigens, the isolated proteins were again recognized by IgG in the CSF samples from those with vesicular metacestodes, but without the background 'noise' seen with the crude extract. In every assay employed, none of the CSF samples from NCC cases who only harboured degenerative and/ or calcified metacestodes and none of those from patients who had other neurological disorders gave a positive result. The use in ELISA and EITB of antigens purified from crude extracts of metacestode E/S proteins could improve the immunodiagnosis of the vesicular stage of NCC, and allow better evaluation of NCC cases both pre- and post-treatment.
Última actualización: 24/10/2016