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Mas-Oliva, J; Mendoza-Espinosa, P; Moreno, A; Castillo, R (2008)

LIPID DEPENDANT DISORDER-TO-ORDER CONFORMATIONAL TRANSITIONS IN APOLIPOPROTEIN CI DERIVED PEPTIDES

BIOCHEM BIOPH RES CO 365(1):8-15
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In contrast to the notion established for many years that protein function depends on rigid 3D structures, nowadays there is important evidence suggesting that non-structured segments of proteins play important roles in protein function. Therefore, disorder-to-order dynamic conformational transitions have been proposed as an attractive mechanism involved in protein-protein recognition. Our laboratory using Langmuir monolayers of apolipoproteins has previously shown that upon lateral compression at the air/water and phospholipid/water interfaces, there is an important movement of the C-terminal segment of apolipoprotein Cl towards the air, considered the hydrophobic region of the monolayer and the acyl-chain region of the interface when phospholipids are used. Here, in an attempt to define secondary structure changes that might occur within this C-terminal segment of apoCI while moving from the monolayer interface back and forth its hydrophobic region, employing three peptides derived from apoCI we studied by circular dichroism and dynamic light scattering their conformational properties when associated to a series of amphipathic lipids and lipid-like molecules. Our results show that a series of lysophospholipids present the ability to modulate the formation of an alpha helix at the C-terminal peptide of apoCI through a disorder-to-order transition while forming small lipid/peptide aggregates below 10 nm in diameter. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.