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GarciaSainz, J; Olivares-Reyes, JA; Shah, BH; Hernandez-Aranda, J; Garcia-Caballero, A; Farshori, MP; Catt, KJ (2005)


MOL PHARMACOL 68(2):356-364
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In rat hepatic C9 cells, angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced activation of angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptors (AT(1)-Rs) stimulates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 phosphorylation via transactivation of the endogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGF-R) by a protein kinase C (PKC) delta/Src/ Pyk2-dependent pathway. This leads to phosphorylation of the EGF-R as well as its subsequent internalization. On the other hand, EGF-induced activation of the EGF-R in C9 cells was found to cause phosphorylation of the AT(1)-R. This was prevented by selective inhibition of the intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity of the EGF-R by AG1478 [4-(3'-chloroanilino)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline] and was reduced by inhibition of PKC and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. EGF-induced AT(1)-R phosphorylation was associated with a decrease in membrane- associated AT(1)-Rs and a reduced inositol phosphate response to Ang II. Agonist activation of endogenous AT(1)-Rs and EGF-Rs induced the formation of a multireceptor complex containing both the AT(1)-R and the transactivated EGF-R. The dependence of these responses on caveolin was indicated by the finding that cholesterol depletion of C9 cells abolished Ang II-induced inositol phosphate production, activation of Akt/PKB and ERK1/2, and AT(1)-R internalization. Confocal microscopy demonstrated that caveolin-1 was endogenously phosphorylated and was distributed on the plasma membrane in patches that undergo redistribution during Ang II stimulation. Agonist-induced phosphorylation and association of caveolin 1 with the AT(1)-R was observed, consistent with a scaffolding role of caveolin during transactivation of the EGF-R by Ang II. The EGF-induced AT(1)-R/caveolin association was abolished by AG1478, suggesting that activation of the EGF-R promotes the association of caveolin and the AT(1)-R.